Chilomastix mesnili is a protozoan flagellate.
Disease / Pathogenesis
Chilomastix mesnili is considered nonpathogenic. Its presence is however an indicator of ingesting fecal contaminated food or water and therefore can be seen as a predisposing factor to some other as of yet undetected intestinal pathogen.
Location in the Host
Chilomastix mesnili is located in the large intestine of the host.
Chilomastix mesnili has a cosmopolitan distribution.
Chilomastix mesnili has no vector. Transmission by by ingesting the cyst form of the organism in contaminated water. food, hands.
Morphology & Diagnosis
Chilomastix mesnili are detected in stool concentrates preparations. The cyst forms can be detected in formalin concentrates stained with Lugol’s Iodine as well as in permanent stained preparations. They are described as lemon shaped with a single nucleus near the center and remnants of a buccal cavity visible. Though not always visible.
The trophozoite form is described as pear-shaped and will measure between 6-24 um in length. The anterior end is round and will contain a single nucleus with a eccentric karyosome. The posterior end of the trophozoite is tapered down to a point.